Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the United States, with an estimated one in five Americans developing it in their lifetime. It can be divided into two main categories: non-melanoma and melanoma. Non-melanoma skin cancers are the most common type and include basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Melanoma is the most serious type of skin cancer and is responsible for the majority of skin cancer deaths.
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type of skin cancer. It usually appears as a small, flesh-colored or pink bump on the skin, or as a flat, scaly patch or a red, irritated area. BCCs are usually found on areas of the body that have been exposed to the sun, such as the face, neck, arms, and hands. BCCs are slow-growing and rarely spread to other parts of the body.
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the second most common type of skin cancer. It usually appears as a firm, red nodule or a flat lesion with a scaly, crusted surface. SCCs are more likely to spread to other parts of the body than BCCs and can be more aggressive. SCCs are most commonly found on areas of the body that have been exposed to the sun, such as the face, ears, neck, lips, and backs of the hands.
Melanoma: The Most Serious Type of Skin CancerMelanoma is the most serious type of skin cancer. It usually appears as a dark spot on the skin that may be black, brown, or multicolored. Melanomas can also appear as a new mole or an existing mole that changes in size, shape, or color. Melanomas can spread quickly to other parts of the body if not treated early.
Be Aware of Any Changes in Your SkinIt is important to be aware of any changes in your skin and to see your doctor if you notice any suspicious spots or moles.
Your doctor can perform a skin exam to check for any signs of skin cancer. If you have any risk factors for skin cancer, such as fair skin or a family history of skin cancer, it is important to get regular skin exams from your doctor.